FBI. IRS. DEA. Sometimes these acronyms strike fear in the hearts of American citizens.
Imagine the vast power and resources of a United States federal agency coming against you.
If you have never been investigated by a federal agency, you are about to find out just how daunting it can become.
The United States Constitution enumerates several powers to our federal government. If a crime doesn’t fall under one of these enumerated powers, the federal government doesn’t have jurisdiction over that investigation.
Most of the crimes we think of, such as rape, murder, theft, and other violent crimes are prosecuted at the state level, which is where the “police power” of our country resides. States are supposed to be responsible for the welfare of their citizens.
The federal government does often involve itself in some of these same types of criminal investigations. However, it uses a hook in the constitution to give itself that power.
The hook often used is the “commerce clause,” or the power given to our federal government to regulate interstate commerce.
Therefore, if one of these crimes has the potential to affect interstate commerce, the federal government can criminalize it. The same act might be also be charged at the state level.
What Crimes Are Federal Crimes?
While some types of violent crimes may fall under federal jurisdiction, these are the types of crimes that regularly fall to federal investigation agencies:
White Collar Crimes
White collar crimes are often seen as less serious since they aren’t violent. They involve professionals and business people and usually include misappropriation of funds. Crimes that fit in this category include:
- Securities Violations
The truth is that prosecutors pursue white-collar criminals more aggressively than violent criminals.
In addition, federal penalties are much more serious, even involving federal prison time. These are complicated cases in need of knowledgeable and aggressive defense.
In my post about Social Security fraud, I wrote about the scam calls people are receiving from a criminal enterprise pretending to be employees of the Social Security Administration.
That scam is one way someone could violate federal fraud laws. You could be investigated any time you misrepresent information to defraud the federal government or in violation of federal law.
Common fraud cases include:
- Mortgage Fraud
- Bank Fraud
- Social Security Fraud
- Healthcare Fraud
- Federal Tax Fraud
- Welfare Fraud
- Mail or Wire Fraud
If you are facing federal child pornography charges, you will not be shown leniency.
Investigators use aggressive tactics to catch people with child pornographic images and “only having a few” isn’t a defense that will hold up in court.
You need a strong argument on your side as soon as you know you are being investigated for child pornography charges.
Trafficking across state lines can quickly become a matter for federal government involvement, mainly if it includes large amounts of drugs.
Federal agencies don’t get involved in smaller drug deals. Therefore, if you know the feds are investigating you, you need to hire your own federal criminal defense attorney.
Michigan Federal Criminal Defense Attorney
As an experienced federal criminal defense attorney, I can help you at any point in your federal criminal investigation. The sooner you contact my office, the better.
If you are or your loved one is facing federal charges, don’t let yourself get pushed around by the feds. Let me help you protect your life and your reputation.